GNM NURSING BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES PSYCHOLOGY NOTES PDF DOWNLOAD
GNM NURSING NOTES FIRST YEAR PDF DOWNLOAD
1ST YEAR GNM NURSING STUDENTS PSYCHOLOGY NOTES PDF DOWNLOAD
a) Definition, nature and scope of
b) Importance of psychology for Nurses
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. It encompasses a wide range of topics and explores various aspects of human and animal mental processes and behaviors. Psychologists seek to understand and explain how individuals think, feel, perceive, learn, and interact with their environment. This field of study also investigates the biological, social, and cultural factors that influence mental processes and behavior.
Psychology can be divided into several subfields, including clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, and more. Clinical psychologists, for example, focus on understanding and treating mental health issues, while cognitive psychologists study mental processes like memory and problem-solving.
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SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY
The scope of psychology is vast and encompasses a wide range of topics and applications. Here are some key areas that define the scope of psychology:
Clinical Psychology: Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat individuals experiencing mental health issues and emotional disorders. They may work in hospitals, clinics, private practices, or other healthcare settings.
Counseling Psychology: Counseling psychologists help individuals cope with life’s challenges, make decisions, and improve their overall well-being. They may work in schools, universities, community centers, or private practices.
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Structure of the mind
a) Conscious, pre-conscious
b) Id, ego and super ego
STRUCTURE OF MIND
The structure of the mind has been conceptualized and studied in various ways throughout the history of psychology. One influential model that has had a significant impact is Sigmund Freud’s structural model of the mind, which includes three major components: the conscious mind, the preconscious mind, and the unconscious mind. Freud’s model emphasizes the role of unconscious processes in shaping behavior.
This is the part of the mind that contains thoughts, feelings, and perceptions of which we are currently aware.
Conscious experiences are those that are within our immediate awareness and are easily accessible to our thoughts.
The preconscious mind holds information that is not currently in conscious awareness but can be easily brought into consciousness.
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Psychology of Human Behavior
a) Basic human needs, dynamics of
behavior, motivation drives
b) Body mind relationship, mental health,
characteristics of mentally healthy
person, emotional control, psychological
problems of patients and relatives.
c) Stress and conflicts, natural sources and
types of stress and conflicts, dealing with
stress and conflict, frustration – sources
and overcoming frustration
d) Mental mechanism their uses and
e) Attitudes – meaning, development
changes in attitude, effects of attitudes on
behavior, importance of positive attitude
for the nurse.
f) Habits-meaning and formation.
g) Breaking of bad habits, importance of
good habit formation for the nurse.
a) Nature, types and laws of learning,
b) Factors affecting learning, memory and
Thinking and Reasoning
- Nature and types of thinking, reasoning,
problem solving, importance of creative
thinking for nurse.
Observation and Perception
- Attention, perception, laws of perception,
factors affecting attention and perception,
and errors in perception
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a) Meaning, nature and development, types
b) Assessment of personality importance of
knowledge of personality for the nurse.
c) Characteristics of various age groups –
child adolescent, adult and aged
d) Will and character.
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a) Definition, Meaning, individual
differences in intelligence
b) Mental ability, nature of intelligence and
c) Assessment of intelligence
In psychology, the conscious mind refers to the mental processes and activities that an individual is currently aware of. It involves thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and other mental experiences that are within the individual’s immediate awareness. The conscious mind is a fundamental aspect of human cognition and is central to the study of cognitive psychology and subjective experience.
Key characteristics and components of the conscious mind include:
Awareness: The conscious mind involves a state of awareness, where individuals are cognizant of their thoughts, feelings, and perceptions at a given moment. It is the aspect of the mind that is currently active and accessible to introspection.
Thoughts and Thinking Processes: Conscious thought processes include reasoning, problem-solving, decision-making, and other cognitive activities. Individuals can actively engage in conscious thinking to process information and make sense of their experiences.
Perceptions: The conscious mind includes perceptions of the external world and internal sensations. It involves the interpretation of sensory information, such as seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, and smelling.
Emotions: Emotional experiences are part of the conscious mind. Individuals are aware of their emotional states, such as joy, sadness, fear, anger, and more, as they occur.
Voluntary Actions: Consciousness is closely tied to voluntary actions and behaviors. Individuals can consciously initiate and control their movements and actions based on their intentions and goals.
Short-Term Memory: The conscious mind is associated with short-term or working memory, where information is temporarily held and actively manipulated. This allows individuals to retain and process information for brief periods.
Selective Attention: Consciousness involves the ability to focus attention on specific stimuli while filtering out irrelevant information. Selective attention is crucial for processing and responding to the most relevant aspects of the environment.
Self-Awareness: The conscious mind includes a sense of self-awareness, allowing individuals to reflect on their own thoughts, emotions, and actions. This self-awareness contributes to a person’s sense of identity and understanding of themselves in relation to others.
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