BHMS stands for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree program in the field of homeopathic medicine. BHMS is a popular course in India for students interested in pursuing a career in homeopathy.

Here is some information about the BHMS course in India:

  1. Duration: The duration of the BHMS course is five and a half years, including one year of compulsory internship. The academic program is divided into four and a half years of classroom and clinical training, followed by a one-year internship in a hospital or clinic.
  2. Eligibility: To be eligible for BHMS, candidates must have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as compulsory subjects. The minimum aggregate marks required may vary depending on the college or university.
  3. Admission Process: Admissions to BHMS courses in India are usually done through entrance examinations conducted at the national, state, or university level. Some popular entrance exams for BHMS include NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), AIA-PGET (All India Ayush Post Graduate Entrance Test), and state-level entrance exams.


The BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) course content in India typically covers a wide range of subjects related to homeopathic medicine and surgery. Here is a general overview of the course content you can expect during the BHMS program:

  1. Pre-Clinical Subjects:
  2. Anatomy: Study of the human body structure.
  3. Physiology: Understanding the functions and mechanisms of the human body.
  4. Para-Clinical Subjects:
  5. Pathology: Study of diseases and their causes.
  6. Microbiology: Understanding microorganisms and their role in diseases.
  7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology: Introduction to forensic medicine and toxic substances.
  8. Community Medicine: Focusing on community health and preventive medicine.
  9. Surgery: Basics of surgery and surgical techniques.
  10. Clinical Subjects:
  11. Organon of Medicine: Principles and philosophy of homeopathy.
  12. Homeopathic Materia Medica: Study of homeopathic remedies and their properties.
  13. Homeopathic Pharmacy: Understanding the preparation and dispensing of homeopathic medicines.
  14. Practice of Medicine: Diagnosis and management of various medical conditions using homeopathic principles.
  15. Obstetrics and Gynecology: Study of pregnancy, childbirth, and women’s health issues.
  16. Pediatrics: Focusing on child health and pediatric diseases.
  17. Psychiatry: Introduction to mental health and psychiatric disorders.
  18. Dermatology: Study of skin diseases and their homeopathic treatment.
  19. Ophthalmology: Basics of eye diseases and their homeopathic management.
  20. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT): Introduction to ear, nose, and throat disorders and their treatment.
  21. Clinical Training:
  22. Clinical Practice: Hands-on training in diagnosing and treating patients under the guidance of experienced practitioners.
  23. Clinical Case Taking: Learning the art of taking a patient’s history and conducting a thorough examination.
  24. Clinical Repertory: Understanding the process of selecting a suitable homeopathic remedy based on symptoms.
  25. Hospital Internship: Compulsory internship in a recognized homeopathic hospital or clinic, where students gain practical experience and work alongside qualified professionals.


The fee structure for BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) programs in India can vary depending on the college or university you choose. The fees can differ based on factors such as the reputation of the institution, its location, facilities provided, and whether it is a government or private college. Additionally, fees may also be subject to change, so it is advisable to directly contact the specific colleges or universities for the most accurate and up-to-date fee information.

As a general guideline, the approximate range of fees for BHMS programs in India can be as follows:

  • Government Colleges: In government colleges, the fees are usually relatively lower compared to private institutions. The annual tuition fees for BHMS in government colleges can range from around ₹10,000 to ₹50,000 (approximately).
  • Private Colleges: Private colleges generally have higher fees compared to government colleges. The annual tuition fees in private colleges can range from ₹50,000 to ₹5,00,000 (approximately) or even higher in some renowned private institutions.

Apart from the tuition fees, there may be additional charges such as registration fees, examination fees, laboratory fees, library fees, hostel fees (if applicable), and other miscellaneous expenses. It’s essential to consider these additional costs while planning for the overall expenses of pursuing a BHMS degree.


After completing a BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) degree in India, there are various career opportunities available. Here are some common career paths that BHMS graduates can pursue:

  • Private Practice: Many BHMS graduates choose to establish their own private homeopathic clinics. They can provide consultation and treatment to patients seeking homeopathic remedies for various health conditions. Running a private practice allows for autonomy and flexibility in managing patient care.
  • Employment in Homeopathic Hospitals and Clinics: BHMS graduates can work as homeopathic doctors in established homeopathic hospitals, clinics, and dispensaries. They can provide treatment to patients, prescribe homeopathic remedies, and participate in patient management.
  • Government Sector: Graduates can find employment opportunities in government-run homeopathic hospitals, dispensaries, and public health departments. They can work as homeopathic medical officers, providing healthcare services to the public and working in collaboration with other healthcare professionals.
  • Research and Teaching: BHMS graduates can pursue research opportunities in homeopathy. They can work in research institutes, academic institutions, or pharmaceutical companies conducting research on homeopathic remedies, treatment protocols, and clinical trials. Additionally, they can also opt for teaching positions in homeopathic colleges or universities.
  • NGO and Public Health Organizations: BHMS graduates can work with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and public health organizations that focus on promoting and providing homeopathic healthcare services. They can contribute to community health programs, participate in health awareness campaigns, and provide healthcare services in underserved areas.
  • Pharmaceutical Industry: Graduates can work in the homeopathic pharmaceutical industry, where they can be involved in the manufacturing, quality control, research, and development of homeopathic medicines. They can also work in sales and marketing roles related to homeopathic products.
  • Postgraduate Studies and Specialization: BHMS graduates can pursue postgraduate studies and specialization in specific areas of homeopathy. They can opt for courses like MD (Homeopathy) or pursue a Master’s degree in specialized branches such as Pediatrics, Dermatology, Psychiatry, etc. These advanced qualifications can open up further career opportunities in research, teaching, and clinical practice.


The salary of BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) graduates in India can vary depending on several factors such as experience, location, type of employment, skills, and the demand for homeopathic practitioners in a particular region. Here is a general overview of the salary range for BHMS graduates in various job roles:

  • Private Practice: BHMS graduates running their own private clinics have the potential to earn a varied income depending on factors such as patient load, reputation, location, and marketing efforts. In the initial years, the earnings may be moderate, but as the practice grows and gains a good patient base, the income can increase significantly. It can range from ₹30,000 to ₹1,50,000 per month or more.
  • Employment in Homeopathic Hospitals and Clinics: In homeopathic hospitals and clinics, the salary of BHMS graduates can vary. Entry-level positions may offer salaries ranging from ₹15,000 to ₹30,000 per month, while experienced practitioners or those in senior positions may earn between ₹40,000 to ₹80,000 or more per month.
  • Government Sector: In the government sector, the salary of BHMS graduates can be determined by the pay scales set by the government. Starting salaries in government positions such as homeopathic medical officer or medical consultant can range from ₹30,000 to ₹50,000 per month. With promotions and experience, the salary can increase further.
  • Research and Teaching: Salary in research and teaching positions can vary depending on the institution and the level of expertise. Research associates or lecturers in homeopathic colleges or research institutes may earn salaries ranging from ₹25,000 to ₹50,000 per month. With higher qualifications and experience, salaries can increase.
  • Pharmaceutical Industry: BHMS graduates working in the homeopathic pharmaceutical industry may have varying salary structures based on their role and responsibilities. Salaries can range from ₹25,000 to ₹60,000 per month or more, depending on the position, experience, and company profile.

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